Construction Methods and Management By S. W. Nunnally

Construction Methods and Management By S. W. NUNNALLY ( Consulting Engineer,Professor Emeritus, North Carolina State University)

Construction Methods and Management

Construction Methods and Management Contents

1 Introduction 1
1–1 The Construction Industry 1
1–2 The Construction Process 3
1–3 Codes and Regulations 8
1–4 State of the Industry 10
1–5 Construction Management 11
1–6 Construction Trends and Prospects 15
Problems 16
References 16
PART ONE Earthmoving and Heavy Construction 17
2 Earthmoving Materials and Operations 19
2–1 Introduction to Earthmoving 19
2–2 Earthmoving Materials 21
2–3 Soil Identification and Classification 22
2–4 Soil Volume-Change Characteristics 26
2–5 Spoil Banks 30
2–6 Estimating Earthwork Volume 32
2–7 Construction Use of the Mass Diagram 36
Problems 39
References 40
3 Excavating and Lifting 41
3–1 Introduction 41
3–2 Hydraulic Excavators 46
3–3 Shovels 50
3–4 Draglines 54
3–5 Clamshells 60
3–6 Trenching and Trenchless Technology 62
3–7 Cranes 66
Problems 78
References 79
4 Loading and Hauling 81
4–1 Estimating Equipment Travel Time 81
4–2 Dozers 91
4–3 Loaders 98
4–4 Scrapers 106
4–5 Trucks and Wagons 118
Problems 124
References 125
5 Compacting and Finishing 127
5–1 Principles of Compaction 127
5–2 Compaction Equipment and Procedures 132
5–3 Ground Modification 143
5–4 Grading and Finishing 146
Problems 152
References 153
6 Rock Excavation 155
6–1 Introduction 155
6–2 Drilling 160
6–3 Blasting 168
6–4 Rock Ripping 176
6–5 Estimating Production and Cost 179
Problems 182
References 183
7 Production of Aggregate, Concrete, and Asphalt
Mixes 185
7–1 Production of Aggregate 185
7–2 Production of Concrete 196
7–3 Production of Asphalt Mixes 206
Problems 211
References 213
8 Paving and Surface Treatments 215
8–1 Concrete Paving 215
8–2 Asphalt Paving and Surface Treatments 219
8–3 Pavement Repair and Rehabilitation 227
Problems 231
References 231
9 Compressed Air and Water Systems 233
9–1 Introduction 233
9–2 Compressed Air Systems 233
9–3 Water Supply Systems 246
Problems 259
References 260
PART TWO Building Construction 261
10 Foundations 263
10–1 Foundation Systems 263
10–2 Spread Footings 263
10–3 Piles 265
10–4 Piers and Caissons 275
10–5 Stability of Excavations 276
10–6 Protecting Excavations and Workers 281
10–7 Dewatering Excavations 286
10–8 Pressure Grouting 289
Problems 292
References 293
11 Wood Construction 295
11–1 Introduction 295
11–2 Wood Materials and Properties 295
11–3 Frame Construction 300
11–4 Timber Construction 321
11–5 Fastenings, Connections, and Notching 327
Problems 333
References 333
12 Concrete Construction 335
12–1 Construction Applications of Concrete 335
12–2 Concrete Construction Practices 346
12–3 Concrete Formwork 352
12–4 Reinforcing Steel 361
12–5 Quality Control 367
Problems 368
References 369
13 Concrete Form Design 371
13–1 Design Principles 371
13–2 Design Loads 371
13–3 Method of Analysis 374
13–4 Slab Form Design 376
13–5 Wall and Column Form Design 390
13–6 Design of Lateral Bracing 396
Problems 400
References 401
14 Masonry Construction 403
14–1 Brick Masonry 403
14–2 Concrete Masonry 414
14–3 Other Masonry Materials 420
14–4 Estimating Quantity of Masonry 422
14–5 Construction Practice 424
Problems 430
References 430
15 Steel Construction 433
15–1 Introduction 433
15–2 Structural Steel 434
15–3 Steel Erection 438
15–4 Field Connections 443
15–5 Safety 448
Problems 449
References 449
PART THREE Construction Management 451
16 Planning and Scheduling 453
16–1 Introduction 453
16–2 Bar Graph Method 454
16–3 CPM—The Critical Path Method 459
16–4 Scheduling and Resource Assignment Using CPM 471
16–5 Practical Considerations in Network Use 475
16–6 Linear Scheduling Methods 476
Problems 478
References 480
17 Construction Economics 481
17–1 Introduction 481
17–2 Time Value of Money 481
17–3 Equipment Cost 482
17–4 Equipment Rental 494
17–5 The Rent-Lease-Buy Decision 495
17–6 Financial Management of Construction 498
Problems 502
References 504
18 Contract Construction 505
18–1 Introduction 505
18–2 Bidding and Contract Award 505
18–3 Construction Contracts 508
18–4 Plans and Specifications 511
18–5 Contract Administration 512
Problems 515
References 516
19 Construction Safety and Health and Equipment Maintenance 517
19–1 Importance of Safety 517
19–2 OSHA 518
19–3 Safety Programs 518
19–4 Safety Procedures 520
19–5 Environmental Health in Construction 523
19–6 Equipment Maintenance 525
Problems 529
References 530
20 Improving Productivity and Performance 531
20–1 The Big Picture 531
20–2 Work Improvement 532
20–3 Quantitative Management Methods 539
20–4 Computers and Other Tools 544
20–5 Robots in Construction 548
20–6 The Future 550
Problems 551
References 552
Appendix A: Metric Conversion Factors 553
Appendix B: Construction Industry Organizations 554
Appendix C: Construction Internet Sources 558
Index 559

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