Geotechnical Engineering Principles and Practices

Geotechnical Engineering Principles and Practices

 By Donald P. Coduto

Geotechnical Engineering Principles and Practices

Contents of Geotechnical Engineering Principles and Practices By Donald P. Coduto

l. lntroduction to Geotechnical Engineering
1.1 Historical Development
1.2 Modern Geotechnical Engineering
1.3 Accuracy of Geotechnical Engineering Analyses
2. Engineering Geology
2.1 Rock and Soil
2.2 Rock-Forming Minerals
2.3 The Geologic Cycle
2.4 Structural Geology
Questions and Practice Problems 2.1-2.8
2.5 Soil Formation, Transport, and Deposition
Questions and Practice Problems 2. 9-2.12
Summary
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 2. 13-2.19
3. Site Exploration and Characterization
3.1 Project Assessment
3.2 Literature Search
3.3 Remote Sensing
3.4 Field Reconnaissance and Surface Exploration
3.5 Subsurface Exploration
3.6 Soil and Rock Sampling
3.7 Groundwater Exploration and Monitoring
Questions and Practice Problems 3.1-3.4
3.8 Ex-Situ Testing
3.9 In-Situ Testing
Questions and Practice Problems 3.5-3.8
3.1 O Geophysical Exploration
3.11 Synthesis and lnterpretation
3.12 Economics
3.13 Geotechnical Monitoring During Construction
Summary
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 3.9-3.12
4. Soil Composition
4.1 Soil as a Particulate Material
4.2 The Three Phases
4.3 Weight-Volume Relationships
Questions and Practice Problems 4.1-4.9
4.4 Particle Size and Shape
Questions and Practice Problems 4.10-4.14
4.5 Clay Soils
4.6 Plasticity and the Atterberg Limits
4.7 Structured vs. Unstructured Soils
4.8 Organic Soils
Questions and Practice Problems 4.15-4.19
Summary
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 4.20-4.28
5. Soil Classification
5.1 USDA Soil C1assification System
5.2 AASHTO Soil Classification System
5.3 Unified Soil Classification System (USCS)
5.4 Visual-Manual Soil Classification
5.5 Supplemental Soil Classifications
5.6 Applicability and Limitations
Summary
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 5. 1-5.13
6. Excavation, Grading, and Compacted Fill
6.1 Earthwork Construction Objectives
6.2 Construction Methods and Equipment
Questions and Practice Problems 6.1-6.4
6.3 Soil Compaction Standards and Assessment
Questions and Practice Problems 6.5-6.12
6.4 Suitability of Soils for Use as Compacted Fill
6.5 Earthwork Quantity Computations
6.6 Lightweight Fills
6.7 Deep Fills
Questions and Practice Problems 6.13-6.18
Summary
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 6.19-6.22
7. Groundwater- Fundamentals
7.1 Hydrology
7.2 Coordinate System and Notation
7.3 Head and Po re Water Pressure
Questions and Practice Problems 7.1-7.5
7.4 Groundwater Flow Conditions
7.5 One-Dimensional Flow
7.6 Capillarity
Questions and Practice Problems 7.6-7.16
Summary
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 7.17-7.21
8. Groundwater – Applications
8.1 Two-Dimensional Flow
Questions and Practice Problems 8.1-8.5
8.2 Three-Dimensional Flow
Questions and Practice Problems 8.6-8.7
8.3 Uplift Pressures on Structures
8.4 Groundwater Control and Dewatering
8.5 Soil Migration and Filtration
Questions and Practice Problems 8.8-8.11
Summary
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 8.12-8.18
9. Geoenvironmental Engineering
9.1 Types of Underground Contamination
9.2 Sources of Underground Contarnination
9.3 Fate and Transport of Underground Contarninants
9.4 Geoenvironmental Si te Characterization
9.5 Remediation Methods
9.6 Sanitary Landfills
Summary
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 9.1-9.8
10. Stress
10.1 Simplifying Assumptions
10.2 Mechanics of Materials Review
10.3 Sources of Stress in the Ground
10.4 Geostatic Stresses
Questions and Practice Problems 10.1-10.2
10.5 Induced Stresses
10.6 Superposition
Questions and Practice Problems 10.3-10.7
10.7 Effective Stresses
Questions and Practice Problems 10.8-10.11
10.8 Programs STRESSP, STRESSL, STRESSR, and STRESSC
Questions and Practice Problems 10.12-10.15
10.9 Mohr’s Circle Analyses
Questions and Practice Problems 10.16-10.19
10.10 Seepage Force
10.11 Stresses in Layered S trata
10.12 Stress Paths
Summary
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 10.20-10.27
11. Compressibility and Settlement
11.1 Physica1 Processes
11.2 Changes in V ertica1 Effective Stress
11.3 Conso1idation Settlement- Physica1 Processes
Questions and Practice Problems 11.1-11.4
11.4 Conso1idation (Oedometer) Tests
Questions and Practice Problems 11.5-11.6
11.5 Conso1idation Status in the Fie1d
11.6 Compressibi1ity of Sands and Grave1s
Questions and Practice Problems 11.7-11.9
11.7 Conso1idation Settlement Predictions
Questions and Practice Problems 11.10-1 1.14
11.8 Crusts
11.9 Sett1ement of Unsaturated Soi1s
11.1 O Secondary Compression Sett1ement
11.11 Distortion Sett1ement
11.12 Heave Due to Un1oading
11.13 Accuracy of Sett1ement Predictions
Questions and Practice Problems 11.15-11.17
Summary
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 11.18-11.31
12. Rate of Consolidation
12.1 Terzaghi’ s Theory of Conso1idation
Questions and Practice Problems 12.1-12.5
12.2 Consolidation Settlement vs. Time Computations
Questions and Practice Problems 12.6-12.10
12.3 The Coefficient of Consolidation, cv
12.4 Accuracy of Settlement Rate Predictions
12.5 Conso1idation Monitoring
Questions and Practice Problems 12.11-12.12
12.6 Other Sources of Time Dependency
12.7 Methods of Acce1erating Sett1ements
Summary
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 12.13-12.20
13. Strength
13.1 Strength Analyses in Geotechnica1 Engineering
13.2 Shear Fai1ure in Soi1s
13.3 Mohr-Cou1omb Fai1ure Criterion
Questions and Practice Problems 13.1-13.4
13.4 Shear Strength of Saturated Sands and Grave1s
Questions and Practice Problems 13.5-13.7
13.5 Shear Strength of Saturated C1ays and Silts
13.6 Shear Strength of Saturated Intermediate Soi1s
Contents vii
13.7 Shear Strength of Unsaturated Soils 498
Questions and Practice Problems 13.8-13.13 498
13.8 Shear Strength Measurements 499
13.9 Shear Strength at Interfaces Between Soil and Other Materials 511
13.10 Uncertainties in Shear Strength Assessments 513
Questions and Practice Problems 13.14-13.20 513
Summary 514
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 13.21-13.26 516
14. Stability of Earth Slopes 518
14.1 Terminology 520
14.2 Modes of Slope Instability 520
Questions and Practice Problems 14.1-14.5 527
14.3 Analyses of Slope Stability Problems 527
14.4 Quantitative Analysis of Slides 528
Questions and Practice Problems 14.6-14.16 552
14.5 Stabi1ization Measures 555
14.6 Instrumentation 561
Questions and Practice Problems 14.17-14.20 563
Summary 564
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 14.21-14.22 565
15. Dams and Levees 566
15.1 Dams 567
15.2 Levees 578
Summary 579
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 15.1-15.4 580
16. Lateral Earth Pressures and Retaining Walls 581
16.1 Horizontal Stresses in Soi1 581
16.2 Classical Lateral Earth Pressure Theories 590
Questions and Practice Problems 16.1-16.7 601
16.3 Equivalent Fluid Method 601
Questions and Practice Problems 16.8-16.11 602
16.4 Groundwater Effects 603
Questions and Practice Problems 16.12-16.13 606
16.5 Retaining Walls 607
Summary 614
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 16.14-16.16 615
17. Structural Foundations 616
17.1 Types of Foundations 616
17.2 Spread Footings – Bearing Pressure 618
17.3 Spread Footings- Bearing Capacity 621
Questions and Practice Problems 17.1-17.6
17.4 Spread Footings – Settlement
Questions and Practice Problems 17.7-17.11
17.5 Spread Footings – Synthesis and Design
Questions and Practice Problems 17.12-17.16
17.6 Recognizing the Need For More Extensive Foundations
Summary
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 17. 17-17.18
18. Difficult Soils
18.1 W eak and Compressible Soils
18.2 Expansive Soils
18.3 Collapsible Soils
18.4 Frozen Soils
18.5 Corrosive Soils
Summary
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 18.1-18.4
19. Soil Improvement
19.1 Removal and Replacement
19.2 Precompression
19.3 In-Situ Densification
19.4 In-Situ Replacement
19.5 Grouting
19.6 Stabilization Using Admixtures
19.7 Reinforcement
Summary
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 19.1-19.3
20. Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering
20.1 Earthquakes
20.2 Ground Shaking
20.3 Liquefaction
20.4 Surface Rupture
20.5 Other Permanent Ground Deformations
20.6 Tsunamis and Seiches
20.7 Seismic Provisions in Building Codes
Summary
Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems 20.1-20.8


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